The rotary engine, also known as Wankel rotary engine, is a pistonless engine invented by Felix Wankel in the early 1920s. It was the first engine without a piston, and its working principles were unique.
We want to look at the classic engineering of rotary engines as it pertains to automobiles.
A rotary engine is an internal combustion engine that comes with a stationary crankshaft and a particular number of cylinders arranged serially in a circle. But unlike a piston-based engine, rotary engines do not use a piston, and their operations-such as intake, compression, exhaust, and combustion work independently.
The combustion pressure remains in a chamber, sealed with a part of the triangular motor that serves as its piston.
Rotary engines spin in a single direction, this turn allows the moving parts to move freely and prevent jerky movements. Also, an built-in inner mechanism cancels out all vibration thus generating more power for the engine.
Rotary engines do not have a reciprocating force, only a rotational mass. This makes it easy for revving to reach a high revolution per minute (rpm).
Built with a few moving parts, rotary engines are not bulky, thus making the car weigh less.
Rotary engines generate more power because of their few moving parts and rotation spin.
Presently, rotary engines are not in circulation, but they once powered some amazing cars. An example is Mazda, a Japanese auto manufacturer. They used rotary engines and were consistent till the engines fell off the market.
Here are some cars with rotary engines;
Even though rotary engines were reliable and weighed less, their lingering drawbacks after years of engine evolutions were disappointing. And with the continuous advancement of engines, better engines with fewer drawbacks and many benefits have become available.
There have been rumors that Mazda is planning to bring back the rotary engines in their electric cars, and it would be interesting to see how they do it if this rumor turns out to be true.
Although rotary engines have lingering drawbacks, they were reliable and could still match up with other modern engines with some modification.
If you have a question, call or email us.
We will get back to you as soon as possible!